“Letter to Everest” and “Streets of Thebes” are two Greek monologues written by Iakovos Kambanellis and translated by Reza Shirmarz (photo) to Persian. Shirmarz believes that monologue is rooted in ancient Greek and Roman drama.
Shirmarz said, “Not long ago I translated two plays by Greek playwright and poet Iakovos Kambanellis to Persian, titled ‘Man and his Trousers’ and ‘Wrong Man and the Woman’.”
He continued, “As a playwright I faced a great writer which encouraged me to translate two more works by him, ‘Letter to Everest’ and ‘Streets of Thebes’. Great playwrights of the world like Iakovos Kambanellis open up a new window to the world by each play. This Greek playwright has revolutionized Modern Greek Theater and had left perennial works behind.”
Shirmarz then explained on the common characteristic of the two monologues, “Monologue is rooted in ancient Greek and Roman drama and has existed in them in the form of ‘Prologue’ – an introduction to the play. This introduction conveys the time, place, characters, situation and atmosphere of the play to the spectators through the words of a Prologous (narrator of Prologue).”
He continued, “With Menander’s innovations, monologue became an inseparable part of plays and found an independent identity in the works of contemporary playwrights. Virginia Woolf’s “Mrs. Dalloway”, William Faulkner’s “Sound and the Fury”, Camus’s “The Fall”, Joseph Conrad’s “Heart of Darkness” and Samuel Beckett’s “Krapp’s Last Tape” or “A Piece of Monologue” are among monologic narrations.”
Shirmarz then stated that monologue in playwriting has a distinct nature compared with fiction and poetry, “Although the element of narration is essential for both, in dramatic monologue the character present on the stage has different ways of communicating with himself, audience, or a person or group outside the stage, he related his problems without being responded by anyone.”
He continued, “The playwright views and writes monologues like other forms of dramatic literature, whereas the storywriter thinks about it. Therefore, dramatic monologue belongs to the live staged literature.
Shirmarz added, “in ‘Streets of Thebes’ and ‘Letter to Everest’, Iakovos Kambanellis takes a quite different perspective to a famous incident.”
According to the translator, ‘Letter to Everest’ and ‘Streets of Thebes’ will be soon published by Qatreh Publications.”